INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. (ADAMS) – The state of Indiana is rich in history.
Did you know the following things happened the week throughout the Hoosier state?
The Indiana Department of Administration compiled a list of notable events in this week’s Hoosier History Highlights.
Indiana Quick Quiz
1. What do Thomas Hendricks, Thomas Marshall, and Mike Pence all have in common?
2. Of the men who have served as Governor of Indiana, what is the most common first name? a/ John b/ James c/ Thomas d/ Samuel
3. Who was the most recent Indiana Governor to serve in the United States Senate?
Hoosier History Highlights
June 21 – June 27
The Week in Indiana History
1819 At his home in Corydon, Indiana Governor Jonathan Jennings met with President James Monroe and General Andrew Jackson. The Governor treated the two guests to dinner at nearby Craig’s Tavern. On a 15-week tour of frontier states, the President and General were met at Jeffersonville and escorted to Corydon by the State Militia.
1870 Governor Conrad Baker signed a draft in the amount of $464,923.34 endorsed to the State Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners. According to the Indianapolis News, the payment would almost, if not entirely, erase state obligations and leave Indiana debt-free for the first time in many years. (Pictured: Detail of the official portrait of Governor Conrad Baker by artist James Forbes.)
1893 Patrons of the Grand Opera House in Indianapolis enjoyed readings by prominent Indiana authors. Among those on the program were James Whitcomb Riley, Lew Wallace, and Meredith Nicholson. Riley recited favorite poems and stories, Nicholson shared his recent poetry, and Wallace delighted the crowd with a preview of his newest book, Prince of India. A reporter for the Indianapolis Journal said, “It is not often that such a galaxy of literary stars can be brought together upon one occasion.”
1918 The Hagenback-Wallace Circus Train was struck in the rear by another train near Hammond, Indiana. Many of the wooden passenger cars caught fire. An estimated 86 were killed, including circus performers and their families. Approximately 125 were injured in one of the worst train wrecks in United States history.
1950 The United States entered the Korean War. During the three-year conflict, over 33,000 soldiers were killed, including over 900 from Indiana. The names of the fallen Indiana soldiers are listed on the Korean War Memorial (pictured) located on the American Legion Mall in Indianapolis.
1964 A steaming calliope heralded the arrival of the Showboat “Majestic” in Madison. A project of the Indiana University Theater Department, the floating theater offered a taste of old-time entertainment to audiences in cities along the Ohio River. In addition to performing in “Arsenic and Old Lace” and “Abie’s Irish Rose,” students on board ran the box office, worked in the kitchen, and generally kept the old boat in “ship-shape.”
Hoosier Quote of the Week:
“A canoe is the most graceful, the most sensitive, the most inexplicable contrivance of man. With its paddle, you may dip up stars along quiet shores or steal into the very harbor of dreams.”
From The House of a Thousand Candles
Meredith Nicholson (1866 – 1947)
Did You Know?
19th-century opera houses in America seldom presented grand opera. An opera house was usually the public theater or community center. Audiences could gather for plays, Vaudeville acts, concerts, musical recitals, lectures, and debates. The Grand Opera House in Indianapolis, mentioned in our History Highlights this week, was spacious and ornate. Located on the east side of Pennsylvania Street between Market and Ohio Streets, the theater could seat 1,500. The Grand opened in 1875 with a spectacular production of “Around the World in Eighty Days.” Advertisements described “gorgeous costumes and surprising mechanical effects.” As grand as the “Grand” was, the most famous venue in Indianapolis history is undoubtedly the English Opera House on the northwest quadrant of the Circle. It opened in 1880 and was a centerpiece for Indianapolis entertainment for 70 years.
Quick Quiz answers: 1. All three served as Governor of Indiana before being elected Vice President of the United States. 2. b/ James 3. Evan Bayh